Principles of Landscaping.

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Wanna know the principles of landscaping? Stay put, you have just clicked on to the right blog. I wanna take you on a one on one process of turning your ugly looking residential site into a wickedly beautiful photo taking site.
As I mentioned earlier in one of my posts, landscaping is the art of arranging and fitting together of land, buildings,plants and embellishments for human use and enjoyment. Before you learn about the principles of landscaping first thing you need to know is what elements in a landscape are you dealing with! The basic elements in a landscape include land, plants, buildings and embellishments.
Embellishments are rarely found in homesteads for a start but you will find them in developed institutions such as major offices. This embellishments include items like water fountains, statues, sculptors or flowers.

When it comes to the principles of landscaping, the same principles that dictate a good piece of artwork also apply. Many authors on this subject have come up with a number of principles that govern landscaping, while not preempting them, in order of application one could begin with the

1) Principle of Balance.
In carrying out landscaping, a focal point has to be decided upon, upon which other elements of the landscape can be balanced. A good example is the main entrance to an office building, the central position of a house in the homestead. The elements on either side of the focal point  should be similarly arranged to create a sense of balance. A symmetrical balance mirrors what is on the opposite side while an asymmetrical balance is not the exact to the opposite or the other side of the focal point arrangement. For example one tall ornamental Cyprus plant on the right side of a building could be balanced with three short ornamental Cyprus plants on the left side of the focal point of building.

2) Principle of contrast.
Always choose plant species that have a pleasant contrast.Contrast is determined by the difference in color and brightness of an object with other objects within the same field of view. A pitfall to avoid is to use colours that clash. I will take you back to the basic elements found in a landscape. In this case we are looking at the green grass. If the grass is green, it follows that you will want to use non green ornamental plants that compliment or blend in the green grass. Plant texture and height can also be contrasted. Other colours in the surrounding should also be considered such as the colour of building walls,roofs of houses on the landscape. Pink, yellow, dark green or red ornamentals perfectly blend in the green grass.

3) Principle of Simplicity.
Too many ornamentals in a landscape can end up being monotonous and confusing. It is important for one to chose and maintain simple patterns. Overcrowding is the last thing you will want to do on your landscape so avoid it at all cost. Large open spaces should be left for people to seat and relax. Footpaths should be clearly identified. Avoid planting too many trees in one place.

4) Principle of Variety.
Variety is the quality or state of being different or diverse from the rest, or rather an absence of uniformity. This is what makes a landscape standout. A viewer’s eyes has more than enough to feed on hence makes your landscape more interesting to view. Avoid  landscaping with a single ornamental plant type or species.

5)Principle of Harmony.
Any single landscape unit should display a sense of harmony as opposed to having a sense of landscape elements placed haphazardly within a landscape. A good piece of artwork has to reflect harmony, take a look at a good piece of artwork and you will see a sense of harmony.

6) Principle of Repetition.
Repetition is good in a landscaping site. The eyes of the viewer occasionally see the view of a an ornamental plant species that they saw some metres back, which brings out the art of landscaping. A landscaped  site should not have too many ornamental plant species. It should have a few that are repeated in a few sequence or pattern. A  duranta flower shrub planted on the front side of the house  (on the edges of the house) could be repeated at the back of the house.

7)Principle of Emphasis.
Plants or other elements of a landscape may be arranged such that attention is directed to a particular corner that has seating benches and away from other areas such as the rest-rooms or storage area. Emphasis may be achieved in a landscape by planting very brightly coloured unique plants at the place where attention is to be drawn. An embellishment may also be placed in such an area.

8) Principle of Sequence
Sequence is all about a list of things arranged in order. Ornamental plants in a landscape can be arranged in ascending order for example beginning from the entrance  to the tallest further away. Alternatively descending order could be used. Another case in point could be the use of  low growing groundcovers planted in the fore-ground followed by dwarf shrubs in the mid-ground. At the background of the landscape, tall trees suit best.

9) Principle of Proportionality.
A small area should not be landscaped with unproportionally large statue or fountain. As a matter of fact the whole piece of landscape work should have proportionality. For example, one landscaping a large house should avoid using large trees near the entrance since they will dominate at the entrance.

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