Labourer Unrest in Commercial Farms.

Is it not written in the good book that a labourer deserves their wages? This does not only apply to labourers but any work done deserves fair payment.
This drives me to the issue of labour Unrest that is occasionally experienced in organisations, commercial farms.
For instance in Commercial Farms labourers are very crucial in the day to
day operations of the farm. Without them everything stalls. Labour Unrest usually arises when the labourers feel their issues are not being addressed adequately.


Issues such as their daily wage rate, arrival time  to work and departure, conditions, permission seek out, medical insurance , places of living and how well are they being listened to will always arise.
Every single commercial company I believe has an obligation of ensuring that their labourers rights are not infringed according to the acts and statutes governing labour and employment in Kenya including any other country. Furthermore such an act should be implemented to the full.
When such an act is not followed through by the would be employer the result is unrests and go slow by workers. Unfortunately, not many of the labourers’ plights are fully addressed; which begs the question whether a labourer is a modern day slave or not.
The top management in every farm is tasked with the responsibility of listening to and making promises that will be fulfilled unto the good of the worker. That said, employees are usually given letters of appointment whenever they are given employment. In the event that they are dismissed or fired a letter of dismissal is usually given. I am not saying labourers should be given appointment letters. However, it appears this is not always  the case. It is unfortunate that people are still being hired by word of mouth and dismissed by word of mouth. In my opinion that is professionally unethical and undeserved.
It is therefore important that the plight of every labourer is addressed. Their wage rate should be given as per the laws governing labour. With the ever improving technology many systems are in place  for large organisations that ensure labour records, number of labourers is up to date. They should also be listened to without any biased mindset. Their are them that walk as far as more than 8km to arrive at work, such issues should not be overlooked but mitigated accordingly.


Tomato Diseases- Bacterial Wilt.

It is one of the major diseases of tomato known to occur in the wet tropics, subtropics and some temperate regions of the world.

The pathogen responsible for the disease is known as Ralstania solanacearum. The pathogen can also cause bacterial wilt in other crops including :
Eggplant and
The disease is very prevalent during the rainy season but also thrives in excess moisture or humidity. The entry point for the pathogen into the plants is through wounds or cracks in the roots. Improper routine management practices such as careless treatment of seedlings during transplanting, cutting of roots when earthing up the plant and through insect or nematodes wound increase the rate of infection.
The first notable symptom of the wilt is drooping of leaves on the tomato plant during the hottest part of the day. This occurs after a period of 2-5 days from the day of the infection. The leaves lose turgor, wilt and become brown. In its early stages only one or half a leaflet may wilt and plants may appear to recover at night when the temperatures are cooler.
High temperatures and moisture offer good conditions for the pathogen. The disease spreads rapidly and the plant wilts entirely in a few days. Fruits usually develop watery spots which develop on upper half of  fruit. Other symptoms to be noticed include stunted plants and necrosis of the leaf marginal. One way of identifying whether your plant is infected is by cutting a section of a clean stem and suspend it in a glass of water. If the plant is infected a stream of milky white bacterial cells will be observed flowing from the stem.
Control of the disease  can be done through;
Crop rotation with crop of a different family from tomato
Proper sanitation
Use of pesticides. Pesticides available include; Mancozeb, Propineb, Chlorothalonil, Metalaxyl, Copper Oxychloride and Azoxystrobin.